Geographically, Tennessee is uniquely bordered by eight other states making it a transshipment corridor and destination location for all manners of illicit drugs.
The interstate and state highway systems crisscross Tennessee's four major cities and traverse each of its borders. These highways carry a very large volume of traffic and are a primary means of moving drugs to and through Tennessee. As a result, the drug situations in the neighboring states have an impact on the drug trafficking, availability, and abuse in Tennessee. Tennessee is predominantly a "user" and transshipment state, not a major source area for any drug except domestically grown Marijuana.
Mexican traffickers and Mexican DTOs continue to play an increasingly dominant role in the importation and distribution of illegal drugs within North Carolina. Mexican poly-drug organizations are the largest foreign threat in the state, predominantly trafficking in Cocaine, Methamphetamine, Marijuana, and Heroin.
Marijuana: Marijuana abuse and trafficking is a serious problem throughout the state, especially in rural areas. Tennessee is a major supplier of domestically grown Marijuana, although Mexican Marijuana has an increasing presence. According to the Appalachia HIDTA Threat Assessment, Tennessee is consistently ranked as being within the top ten states for Marijuana plant eradication. In certain areas of the state, Marijuana is favored over other drugs of abuse by some individuals. On the federal level over 5,000 Marijuana plants were eradicated and seized in the state, however, all law enforcement seizures in the state totaled over 539, 370 plants.
Cocaine: Cocaine is usually transported to Tennessee in multi-kilogram quantities from cities in the western United States and from Texas, Illinois, Georgia, and California. Hamilton, Davidson, and Shelby counties are considered the distribution hubs for the state. Crack Cocaine is preferred over the powdered HCL form in Tennessee. Tennessee has remained an area of choice for the illicit activities of structured Mexican drug trafficking organizations.
Methamphetamine: The availability and demand for Methamphetamine continues to increase throughout Tennessee. Much of the Methamphetamine consumed in the state is transported from Mexico and the southwest border states. Clandestine Methamphetamine labs can be found everywhere in Tennessee, but are predominantly located in the Appalachian areas in Eastern Tennessee. Mexican Methamphetamine trafficking groups control much of the Methamphetamine distribution in the Chattanooga area, but command and control for these Mexican organizations are frequently found in Dalton, Georgia. An increase in Methamphetamine use and abuse is anticipated in Tennessee as the drug gains popularity over crack Cocaine use. This trend is attributed to the highly addictive nature of Methamphetamine, particularly Ice.
Heroin: Heroin use in Tennessee is limited to a very small number of long-time users. The Heroin trafficking situation has been very stable in the state for the past several years, though an increase in Heroin availability and highway interdiction was reported recently. There has been no great change in the demand for the drug indicated by other factors in Tennessee. Texas, Georgia, and New York are the main sources of Mexican black tar, Mexican brown, and Southwest Asian Heroin in Tennessee. Heroin traffickers are as diverse as with any other drug.
Prescription Drugs: Diverted pharmaceuticals pose a growing problem in Tennessee, where the state health care program is utilized by abusers to “doctor shop” without paying for medical care. A special report prepared for the Tennessee Medical Board showed that consumption of hydromorphone, hydrocodone, meperidine, and amphetamine was above average in the state. Dilaudid and morphine are also mentioned as heavily abused drugs. Current investigations indicate that diversion of hydrocodone products and pseudoephedrine/ephedrine continues to be a problem in Tennessee, even though the state passed and signed into law the “Meth-Free Tennessee Act of 2005” in March 2005. This law limited the sale of the pseudoephedrine-containing products that meth cooks rely on for the production of Methamphetamine, closed a loophole that allowed for personal use of Methamphetamine, and required health care professionals to report meth lab-related burns and injuries to law enforcement. However, diversion of hydrocodone and other prescribed drugs continue to plague the state. Tennessee ranks fourth in the nation in the sale of all hydrocodone medications. This ranking translates into substantial abuse problems and numerous criminal activities in the state. Primary methods of diversion reported are illegal sale and distribution by health care professionals and workers, “doctor shopping” (going to a number of doctors to obtain prescriptions for a controlled pharmaceutical) through the state health care program, the Internet, and forged prescriptions. OxyContin, methadone, morphine, and Xanax were identified as being among the most commonly abused and diverted pharmaceuticals in Tennessee. This is ample reason for South Dakota drug rehab and South Dakota drug detox attention state wide immediately.
Tennessee is experiencing an increase in drug use and abuse. The prescription drug problem in the United States has become a real epidemic. Instead of treating drug addicts like criminals we believe people suffering from pain pill addiction, alcoholism and other drug addictions should have a comfortable drug detox to ensure long lasting sobriety and clean time. Addiction to pain killers can be one of the hardest addictions to treat and we believe that inpatient drug detox is the most effective way of dealing with prescription drug withdrawal.