Missouri is experiencing an increase in drug use and abuse.
Mexican poly-drug trafficking organizations control a large majority of the distribution of Methamphetamine, Cocaine, Marijuana, and Heroin in Missouri. Various organizations with ties to Texas, Arizona and California continue to traffic in Methamphetamine, Cocaine and Heroin. In addition, small toxic Methamphetamine laboratories are still found throughout Missouri. The shortage of Cocaine in the state has led to an increase in the trafficking of other drugs, such as Marijuana and Heroin.
Cocaine: For the past two years, law enforcement in both St. Louis and Kansas City report a shortage of Cocaine in their areas. This shortage has led to an increase in price and a decrease in purity. The Cocaine found in the state of Missouri typically comes from sources of supply in Texas, Arizona, and California that are associated with Mexican international distribution organizations. The Cocaine is brought to Missouri primarily in vehicles on the interstate highway system. Much of the Cocaine is then converted to crack and sold in the inner-city areas. While Hispanic trafficking organizations control the wholesale distribution of Cocaine, local distribution of crack is mostly controlled by small independent dealers or by street gangs, some with loose affiliations to national gangs.
Heroin: Since late 2002, Heroin markets in eastern Missouri have seen a shift from low purity Mexican black tar Heroin to white Heroin, which originates in either South America or southwest Asia. The purity of the white Heroin varies from levels as low as 10-15% (similar to the Mexican Heroin), to samples which have been tested at above 40% in purity. The emergence of the white Heroin is believed to have led to an expansion of the Heroin markets to more suburban and rural areas of eastern Missouri. The ability to snort the white Heroin makes it more attractive to young, suburban and rural users.
The availability of Heroin in western Missouri remains very limited and the market continues to be dominated by Mexican black tar and powdered Heroin. Some highway interdictions of larger quantities of South American white Heroin have occurred in the past year. In each instance, the Heroin was believed to be en route to Chicago, Illinois.
Methamphetamine: As with Heroin, the Methamphetamine market in Missouri differs greatly between the eastern and western halves of the state. The western half of the state is dominated by crystal “ice” Methamphetamine, supplied by organizations based out of Mexico, California, and the southwest United States, and transported to the area by the traditional highway transportation organizations. Although “ice” is generally perceived to be higher in purity, lower purity levels have been found in many exhibits. Although, small toxic laboratories are still found in western Missouri, the number of laboratory seizures in the western half of the state dropped 74% from 516 in 2004 to 136 in 2007.
Although crystal “ice” Methamphetamine continues to be available in Eastern Missouri, the issue of local Methamphetamine laboratories remains a top priority with local officials. Law enforcement agencies have seen a resurgence in laboratory seizures since 2006. The state legislation limiting the sale of pseudo ephedrine products is believed to have hindered local production throughout the state. However, local laboratory operators continue to bypass the legislation, by using friends and family to obtain the necessary ingredients through “smurfing” (going from store to store, purchasing the maximum allowable amounts), and through theft of ingredients such as anhydrous ammonia.
Marijuana: Marijuana is prevalent throughout the state of Missouri. Mexican Marijuana is imported into the state primarily on interstate highways in automobiles, commercial trucks, vans, horse trailers, rental trucks, and motor homes from the southwest border. There has also been an increasing availability of higher purity “BC Bud” Marijuana from Canada and the northwest United States.
Indoor Marijuana grow operations are found in the St. Louis and Kansas City areas. Outdoor grow operations are found in the rural parts of the state.
Prescription Drugs: Current investigations indicate that diversion of hydrocodone products such as Vicodin, and Oxycodone products such as OxyContin continues to be a problem in Missouri. Alprazolam, methadone, codeine, Adderall and Ritalin were also identified as being among the most commonly abused and diverted pharmaceuticals in Missouri. Primary methods of diversion being reported are forged prescriptions, employee theft, pharmacy theft, illegal sale and distribution by health care professionals and workers, “doctor shopping” (going to multiple doctors to obtain prescriptions for controlled pharmaceuticals), and via Internet purchases. This is ample reason for Missouri drug rehab, and Missouri drug detox attention state wide immediately.
The prescription drug problem in the United States has become a real epidemic. Instead of treating drug addicts like criminals we believe people suffering from pain pill addiction, alcoholism and other drug addictions should have a comfortable drug detox to ensure long lasting sobriety and clean time. Addiction to pain killers can be one of the hardest addictions to treat and we believe that inpatient drug detox is the most effective way of dealing with prescription drug withdrawal.