Arizona is one of the top 10 highest-ranking states for non-medical prescription drug use, although Arizona has issues with all types of drug addiction.
Because Arizona is bordered by sparsely populated desert and steep mountain ranges drug trafficking and drug smuggling run rapid. Cocaine, Marijuana, Crystal Meth, and Heroin all make their way through the border in Arizona.
Cocaine: The Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas are major transshipment points for Cocaine distribution from Arizona throughout the United States. Cocaine is shipped from Colombia by air, land and sea to controlled regions in Mexico, where it is then transported to staging areas near the Arizona/Mexico border.
Heroin: Mexican black tar Heroin is the predominant type of Heroin found in Arizona. Heroin is smuggled into Arizona primarily through Arizona’s Ports of Entry by pedestrians or within hidden compartments in vehicles. To date, the Phoenix Field Division has not encountered the new Heroin drug mixture referred to as “Cheese”, which is considered the “starter form” of Heroin being directed to school aged children. Arizona continues to witness a steady increase in the abuse of the prescription drug, OxyContin. Oxycodone products are opiate agonists, like Heroin and methadone. They are commonly prescribed to cancer patients, patients with chronic back pain, and patients recovering from surgery. Of these, OxyContin is heavily abused because it is available in high does and when ingested, it produces an intense high similar to Heroin. An emerging trend in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area is high school students switching to inject or smoke Heroin after no longer being able to purchase or acquire OxyContin.
Methamphetamine: There are two types of Methamphetamine available in Arizona, Mexican-produced and locally produced Methamphetamine. Mexican-produced Methamphetamine is the most predominant type encountered in the state and is frequently smuggled across the Southwest Border (SWB) where it transits through Arizona.
Marijuana: Marijuana remains widely available in quantities up to multi-hundred pounds packaged for delivery. The Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement routinely seize hundred pound quantities of Marijuana between the Ports of Entry as well as abandoned in remote sites along the border. A large portion of Marijuana smuggled into the United States is delivered by individuals known as “mules” who are paid to carry loads on their backs through remote and often rugged wilderness areas.
Prescription Drugs: Current investigations indicate that the diversion of Oxycodone products (such as OxyContin) and Percocet) and hydrocodone products (such as Vicodin) , continues to be a significant problem in Arizona. Primary methods of diversion being reported are illegal sale and distribution by health care professionals and workers, “doctor shopping” (going to a number of doctors to obtain prescriptions for a controlled pharmaceutical), forged prescriptions, employee theft, and the Internet. During 2007, there were 42 incidents of thefts from pharmacies, specifically for OxyContin type products. Benzodiazepines (such as Xanax), codeine, Dilaudid, and methadone were also identified as being among the most commonly abused and diverted pharmaceuticals in Arizona.
Methadone clinics estimate that over 50 percent of the new admissions for drug addiction treatment in the Phoenix metropolitan area are attributed to pharmaceutical controlled substances. The Phoenix Division continues to find that Vicodin, Lortab and other hydrocodone products; Percocet; OxyContin and other Oxycodone products; benzodiazepines; and codeine products are the most abused pharmaceutical controlled substances in Arizona. The use of Soma in combination with other analgesic controlled substances, Ultram (tramadol) and Nubain, continue to be highly abused prescription-only substances. The primary methods of diversion are prescription fraud through forgeries, bogus call-ins, and doctor-shoppers. This is ample reason for Arizona drug rehab, and Arizona drug detox attention state wide immediately.
Drug addiction in the United States has become a real epidemic. Instead of treating drug addicts like criminals we believe people suffering from pain pill addiction, alcoholism and other drug addictions should have a comfortable drug detox to ensure long lasting sobriety and clean time. Drug addiction is hard to treat and we believe that inpatient drug detox is the most effective way of dealing with drug and alcohol withdrawal.